Jorge Mario Bergoglio is famously known as Pope Francis and also called Francis I. He is the head of the Catholic Church and the Bishop of Rome. He is the first pope to be a member of the Society of Jesus, the first from America, the first from the Southern Hemisphere, and the fist from outside Europe.
When was Pope Francis Born?
Pope was born on 17 December 1946 in Flores, Buenos Aires. He is the eldest of five children. His father’s Family left Italy in 1929 to escape the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini. Three of his siblings are diseased except Maria Elena Bergoglio.
Pope Francis’s education
Francis attended Wilfrid Barón de Los Santos Ángeles and later Escuela Técnica Industrial N° 27 Hipólito Yrigoyen. He graduated with a chemical technician diploma.
When did Pope Francis receive his calling?
After studying to become a chemical technician, Pope briefly worked in the food processing industry. He later felt called to the church. A part of his right lung has been removed as a result of a severe bout of pneumonia that he had suffered at around 21 years old. Pope found his vocation to the priesthood while he was on his way to celebrate Spring Day. He was passing by a church to go to confession before the priest inspired him.
In 1958, he entered a Jesuit novitiate and studied humanities in Santiago, Chile, and become a Jesuit in 1960. This happened after he made the religious profession of the initial, perpetual vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience of a member of the order. He earned a licentiate degree in philosophy from Buenos Aires province and taught psychology and literature in high school while continuing to undertake a degree in theology. In 1969, he was ordained as a priest and took his final vows in 1973. He began to serve as superior of the Jesuit province of Argentina from 1972 to 1979.
Pre papal episcopate
Francis went ahead to study English at the Jesuit Centre at Milltown Institute of Theology and Philosophy in Dublin for three months in 1980. He continued serving at Saint Miguel for another six years until 1986. In 1992, the pope was named auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires and consecrated 1992 as titular bishop of Auca. He became the metropolitan bishop of Buenos Aires in 1998 after the death of Cardinal Antonio Quarracino. He accomplished one of his main duty in the slums by increasing the number of church presence as reflected by the increase in the number of priests under his leadership. From November 2005, he served as the president of the Argentine Episcopal Conference for a three-year term.
Pope John Paul II made archbishop Francis a Cardinal in 2001. He was appointed to five administrative positions in Roman Curia, a member of the Congregation for the Clergy, the Pontifical Council for the family, the Congregation for Divine Worship and Disciple of the Sacraments, the Commission for Latin America, and the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life.
Francis is known for his humility, commitment to social justice, and doctrinal conservatism.
On 13 March 2013 the second day of papal conclave, Francis become Pope after election and he received his Papal name- Francis. Francis held his Papal inauguration on march 19 2013 in St. Peters Square, Vatican. His name, Francis is in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi. It is also in honour of his great concern for the well being of the poor
COVID 19 Pandemic
The pope was at the forefront of ensuring everyone is safe and healthy during the pandemic through the cancellation of his general audiences at St. Peters Square. He also engaged in offering prayers for the people with the virus in China. Francis urged the church to remember the poor in society and encouraged the priests to visit patients in the hospital. He sees COVID-19 Vaccination as a moral obligation.
Russia and Ukraine War
Francis was at the forefront of spreading peace between the two countries. He paid a visit to the Russian embassy in Rome and called Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy stating his sorrow. He also called for peace saying, Silence the weapons’.
Pope has not only advocated for women to be in leadership in the church but he has spoken against corruption in the catholic church frequently. When it comes to guy union, Pope has never mentioned officially that he is in support although he has spoken to parents of guy children to offer support to their children.
In the latest news, the pope is encouraging Vatican employees during his annual Christmas greetings, to hold on to faith and to practice peace starting with their family to the workplace.
Pope Francis will preside over the funeral of his predecessor Pope Benedict XVI on Thursday, bringing a historically unique situation—that of two popes residing practically side by side in the Vatican—to a similarly unusual close.
God became a Child and then let himself be nailed on a cross. In that weakness, God’s omnipotence is manifested. In forgiveness, God’s omnipotence is always at work. Thus, may our gifts this #Christmas be gratitude, conversion and peace.https://t.co/20N3c1ZYE2
— Pope Francis (@Pontifex) December 22, 2022